All flying, including takeoff and landing, is controlled using the 4 basic commands: roll, yaw, pitch and throttle.
In order to control your aircraft you need to understand how the basic Roll, Pitch, Yaw and Throttle commands affect movement in 3D space. This differs depending on whether you’re controlling a forward-flying aircraft like a plane, or a “hover aircraft” like a multicopter.
Hover aircraft (Copter, VTOL in hover mode) respond to the movement commands as shown below:
- Pitch => Forward/Back.
- Roll => Left/right.
- Yaw => Left/right rotation around the centre of the frame.
- Throttle => Changed altitude/speed.
Forward-flying aircraft (planes, VTOL in forward flight) respond to the movement commands as shown below:
- Pitch => Up/down.
- Roll => Left/right and a turn.
- Yaw => Left/right tail rotation and turn.
- Throttle => Changed forward speed.